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Helicopter Brownout


Our signature project in remote sensing was a project to do terrain classification to avoid helicopter brownout - basically trying to pick landing zones that won't kill the pilots.

brownout

This all started with Col Mitch 'Rico' Rios, who brought the problem to NPS in 2003.  He started a long line of USMC helicopter pilots who analyzed different ways of approaching the problem of understanding landing zones.  After a fair amount of effort, the problem was reduced to a problem in characterizing good and bad landing zones.   (including work with commercial systems by Anthony W. Davis, 2007; and Christine Rabaja in 2009).   This concluded in some sense with a MERIT program that involved NPS and NRL (Ralph Fiedler).   The algorithms we developed were transitioned to the MI 513th, and have proven valuable for operations.

Project Sheet

rco, 5/25/2017

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Radar Data

Polarimetric radar image (VV polarization) after new Brownout Algorithm threshold values are applied. Red = Brownout likely; Sienna = Unknown/Ambiguous; Green = Non-Brownout.  From Rabaja (2009)