On 27 February 2019, the NSA Department will host a brown bag lunch with Dr. Asma Shakir Khawaja, who will present her new book, Shaking Hands with Clenched Fists: The Grand Trunk Road to Confidence Building Measures between India and Pakistan. Her book is the first ever factual and academic account of Pakistan’s position, interest, and perspective regarding peace with India. It explores Pakistan’s intentions and policies to forge peace with India at different points in history.
Dr. Khawaja is is an Assistant Professor at the National Defence University (NDU), Islamabad, where she has been a faculty member since 2008. She has served a distinguished career in academia with more than a decade of teaching, research, and administrative experience. For Dr. Khawaja's bio, click here. To read more about her book, click here.
Students with class may depart early.
Please RSVP to email@example.com
Prof. Tristan Volpe (NPS Department of Defense Analysis) invites students, faculty, and staff to join scholar and former OSD strategist Dr. Van Jackson for a discussion on the 2017 North Korean nuclear crisis, the nuclear negotiations between the United States and North Korea, and potential pathways forward. The talk will be held 1 February 2019 in ME Auditorium 1030-1200.
Dr. Jackson's new book, On the Brink: Trump, Kim, and the Threat of Nuclear War, traces the origins of the first American nuclear crisis in the post-Cold War era and explains the fragile, highly unpredictable way that it ended. Grounded in security studies and informed analysis of the US response to North Korea's increasing nuclear threat, the nuclear crisis on the peninsula is analyzed in the context of prior US policy failures, the geopolitics of East Asia, North Korean strategic culture and the acceleration of its nuclear program. Jackson argues that the Trump administration's policy of 'maximum pressure' brought the world much closer to inadvertent nuclear war than many realize - and charts a course for the prevention of future conflicts.
Dr. Van Jackson is an American political scientist, strategist, and media commentator specializing in Asian security and defense affairs. He is a senior lecturer in international relations at Victoria University of Wellington, as well as the Defence and Strategy Fellow at the Centre for Strategic Studies in Wellington, New Zealand. Jackson's first book was Rival Reputations: Coercion and Credibility in US-North Korea Relations (Cambridge University Press, 2016). His latest book is On the Brink: Trump, Kim and the Threat of Nuclear War (Cambridge University Press, 2018). Van has testified before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific and is a frequent commentator in popular media and policy outlets. He was previously a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow (2014-15). From 2009 to 2014, Jackson held positions in the Office of the Secretary of Defense as a strategist and policy adviser focused on the Asia-Pacific, senior country director for Korea, and working group chair of the U.S.–Republic of Korea Extended Deterrence Policy Committee. He is the recipient of multiple awards in OSD, including the Exceptional Civilian Service Medal. Jackson served as a linguist and intelligence analyst in the U.S. Air Force from 2000 to 2006.
The Counter-Proliferation Studies Speaker Series is hosted by the NPS Department of Defense Analysis and made possible through support from the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Defense Programs.
Please join NSA on 29 November 2018 at 1200 in Glasgow Hall for Professor T.V. Paul's talk “Restraining Great Powers: Soft Balancing from Empires to the Global Era.” At the end of the Cold War, the United States emerged as the world’s most powerful state and then used that power to initiate wars against smaller countries in the Middle East and South Asia. According to balance-of-power theory—the bedrock of realism in international relations—other states should have joined together militarily to counterbalance the United States’ rising power. Yet they did not, nor have they united to oppose Chinese aggression in the South China Sea or Russian offensives along its Western border.
Professor T.V. Paul argues that this does not mean balance-of-power politics is dead, but that it has taken a different form. Rather than employing familiar strategies, such as active military alliances and arms buildups, leading powers have engaged in “soft balancing,” which seeks to restrain threatening powers through the use of international institutions, informal alignments, and economic sanctions. Paul places the evolution of balancing behavior in historical perspective from the post?Napoleonic era to today’s globalized world. His book, Restraining Great Powers, is an illuminating explanation of how subtler forms of balance-of-power politics can help states achieve their goals against aggressive powers without wars or arms races.
To read Professor Paul's short bio, click here.
As part of the Global Connections speaker series, Dr. David Kang from the University of Southern California will give a talk on 2 October 2018 at 1200 in Glasgow Hall, Room 322. His talk is titled “Cheap Talk about a Free Ride in East Asian Security.” East Asia today is richer, more integrated, and more stable than at any time in the past century. Military expenditures are steadily declining for most countries in the region. This is almost always attributed to the America’s leadership, alliances, and military presence in the region that reassures allies and deters challengers. While this is undoubtedly true, it is also true that most East Asian states today do not fear for their survival, and hence are not arming themselves as if they did. Claims of free riding actually rest on a counterfactual: if the U.S. were not present, these countries would spend more on their own defense. But this needs to be shown, not asserted, and an in-depth analysis of the Philippines shows that the reality is more complicated.
For a short bio, click here.
Clint Watts, author of Messing with the Enemy, will give a talk in Ingersoll Hall on Friday, September 28, 2018 starting at 1200. His talk will be titled, “Social Media Influence: Terrorists, the Kremlin and the Future.” Watts is a Distinguished Research Fellow at the Foreign Policy Research Institute as well as a Senior Fellow at the Center For Cyber and Homeland Security at George Washington University. He is also former FBI agent and U.S. Army officer, and his recent book, Messing with the Enemy, has been featured on HBO, NPR, and MSNBC.
For a short bio, click here.
The NSA Department presents the latest Global Connections speaker, Dr. Aila M. Matanock, University of California, Berkeley, at noon on 1 August 2018. Settlements to civil conflict sometimes contain clauses enabling the combatant sides to participate as political parties in post-conflict elections. In her 2017 book Electing Peace, Dr. Matanock presents a theory to explain both the causes and the consequences of these provisions. She draws on new cross-national data on electoral participation provisions, case studies in Central America, and interviews with representatives of all sides of the conflicts. She shows that electoral participation provisions, nonexistent during the Cold War, are now in almost half of all peace agreements. Moreover, she demonstrates that these provisions are associated with an increase in the chance that peace will endure, potentially contributing to a global decline in civil conflict, a result that challenges prevailing pessimism about post-conflict elections. Dr. Matanock’s theory and evidence also suggest a broader conception of international intervention than currently exists. She identifies how these inclusive elections can enable external enforcement mechanisms and provide an alternative to military coercion by peacekeeping troops in many cases.
Former NSA Professor, and leading expert on Egypt, Dr. Springborg will discuss his new book Egypt and how the dilemmas are concerning the state. He has worked as a consultant on Middle East governance and politics for the United States Agency for International Development, the US State Department, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and various UK government departments, including the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, the Ministry of Defence and the Department for International Development. He has advised various intelligence organizations in the United States as well as served as expert witness in courts in the UK and Australia on criminal, civil and immigration cases.
To read more about his book, please click here.
As part of the Global Connections Speaker Series, Dr. Julie Chernov Hwang of Goucher College will give a talk to on her book Why Terrorists Quit: The Disengagement of Indonesian Jihadists on 31 May 2018 in Glasgow Hall, Room 322 from 1200–1330. In Why Terrorists Quit, Dr. Chernov Hwang answers the question of why do hardline terrorists decide to leave their organizations and quit the world of terror and destruction. In her talk, Dr. Chernov Hwang will share what she learned over six years and more than one hundred interviews with former and current leaders and followers of radical Islamist groups in Indonesia. She will discuss the reasons why they rejected physical force and extremist ideology, the impact of public initiatives designed to encourage radicals to disengage and the lives of five radicals from various groups seeking to establish trends, ideas and reasons for why radicals might quit terrorism.
On Thursday, 26 April, The Department of National Security Affairs will be hosting Dr. Joshua Busy, Associate Professor of Public Affairs at the University of Texas at Austin. In his talk titled The Security Consequences of Climate Change, Professor Busby will focus on how can climate change affect national security, drawing on his scholarship and work as an investigator in two Department of Defense-funded research initiatives on Africa and Asia. Dr. Busby will review the state of the evidence to date.
To learn more about Dr. Busby, please click here.
Brown Bag Event
On Wednesday, 11 April 2018, The Department of National Security Affairs will be hosting CDR David Van Brunt (USN), a member in the U.S. Military Observer Group, and Deputy Chief of Operations at United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO), United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) Operations Coordinator (OPSCO). CDR Van Brunt will be discussing about the U.S. role in UN Peacekeeping, the U.S. Government (USG) whole of government process, missions in which U.S. Service-members were deployed, the intricacies with UN Peacekeeping (roles, actions, other agencies and elements within the UNCT, etc.), and the opportunities for TDY deployment into a UN mission.
At a noon talk on 3 April 2018, Dr. Assaf Moghadam will discuss his new book Nexus of Global Jihad, which explores the evolution of cooperation among an increasingly diverse spectrum of terrorist actors, including states, organizations, networks, and terrorist entrepreneurs, as well as the implications for counterterrorism theory and policy. He’ll identify types of terrorist actors, the nature of their partnerships, and the environments in which they prosper to explain global jihadist terrorism's ongoing success and resilience.
Dr. Assaf Moghadam is an Associate Professor and Director of the MA Program in Government at the Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya, Israel, currently on leave from the IDC until the fall of 2019. He is Director of Academic Affairs at the International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT), a fellow at the Combating Terrorism Center at West Point (CTC), and an Adjunct Associate Professor at the Department of Political Science at Columbia University. He is a contributing editor for the journal Studies in Conflict & Terrorism and the book review editor for the journal Democracy & Security. He has authored or edited five books on terrorism and political violence, including Nexus of Global Jihad: Understanding Cooperation among Terrorist Actors (Columbia University Press, 2017) and the award winning The Globalization of Martyrdom: Al Qaeda, Salafi Jihad, and the Diffusion of Suicide Attacks (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008).
On 2 April 2018 from 1200-1300, the NSA Department will host Dr. Maria Rost Rublee of Monash University in Melbourne. She will give a talk titled "Nuclear Norms in Flux." Today, nuclear politics seem more disquieting than ever, from negotiating the Nuclear Weapon Ban Treaty to North Korea’s operationalization of its nuclear program. In this talk, Dr. Rublee will discuss the deeper changes in the normative underpinnings of global nuclear governance, as well as the possible consequences for nuclear nonproliferation and prevention of nuclear war.
Dr. Maria Rost Rublee is an associate professor at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia and Chair of the International Security Studies Section of the International Studies Association (ISA). Her work has been published in a variety of international journals, including International Studies Review, Contemporary Security Policy, Comparative Political Studies, Pacific Focus, and the Nonproliferation Review. Rublee has received grants from the United States Institute of Peace, the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the ISA, the Asia New Zealand Foundation, and the Japan Foundation. Her book, Nonproliferation Norms: Why States Choose Nuclear Restraint, received the Alexander George Book Award for best book in political psychology.
On Monday, 05 March 2018, NSA will host Dr. Mia Bloom from Georgia State University for the Global Connections Speaker Series. Dr. Bloom will give a talk about How Children Become Involved in Terrorist Organizations.
To learn more about Dr. Bloom, please click here.
On 22 February 2018, NSA will host Dr. Mai Hassan from University of Michigan for the Global Connections Speaker Series. Dr. Hassan will give a talk titled Security Institutions in Kenya.
To know more about Dr. Mai Hassan, click here.
On Thursday, 08 February 2018, Dr. John Hopkins will give a lecture regarding The Role of Nuclear Weapons in Ending World War II. He will be talking specifically about the U.S. view of and Japanese perception of the nuclear strikes.
Brief background on Dr. John Hopkins -
Dr. Hopkins is a nuclear physicist and former Associate Director of Los Alamos National Lab (LANL), where he oversaw LANL's nuclear weapons program. Throught this period, Dr. Hopkins was involved in national security policy issues. He was a visiting scholar at the University of California's Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation where he edited a 1994 book on the nuclear policies of Britain, France, and China. Dr. Hopkins is the coauther (with Barbara Germain Killian) of a comprehensive history of the first decade of nuclear testing in Nevada. Dr. Hopkins has served on governmental and international boards and panels and is a former member of the Chief of Naval Operations' (CNO) Executive Panel. He has been a technical advisor to the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency in Washington and in Geneva. Dr. Hopkins has worked closely with the State, Energy, and Defense Departments and has participated in numerous special programs for the U.S. Government.
The lecture is scheduled from 1200-1330 in Glasgow Hall, Room 322. Students with classess at 1300 are welcome to depart at 1255.
On 17 January 2018, NSA will host Dr. Brent Durbin from Smith College for the Global Connections Speaker Series. Dr. Durbin will give a talk titled after his book by the same name, The CIA and the Politics of U.S. Intelligence Reform. In his talk, Durbin will discuss why intelligence reform and oversight are so difficult, and how the peculiar politics of U.S. intelligence undermine America's national security and the civil liberties of its citizens.
To read more about Dr. Durbin, click here.
To read more about Dr. Durbin's book, click here.
On 23 October 2017, NSA will host Dr. Peter Krause from Boston College for the Global Connections Speaker Series. Dr. Krause will give a talk titled after his book by the same name, Rebel Power: Why National Movements Compete, Fight, and Win. In his talk, Krause will discuss why some national movements have independent states today (Israelis and Algerians), while others do not (Kurds and Palestinians. Using evidence gathered from fieldwork, archival research, and more than 150 interviews with participants who participated in four national movements (Palestinian, Zionist, Algerian, and Irish), the author will also provide and support his theory regarding the causes of terrorism.
To read more about Dr. Krause, click here.
To read more about his book, click here.
More than half a decade after people across the Middle East poured into the streets to demand change, hopes for democracy in the region have all but disappeared in a maelstrom of violence and renewed state repression. In his talk, Dr. Steven A. Cook, the author of False Dawn: Protest, Democracy, and Violence in the New Middle East and Eni Enrico Mattei senior fellow for Middle East and Africa studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, will explain how those moments of empowerment, freedom, and dignity that began in places like Tunisia’s Sidi Bouzid and Egypt’s Tahrir Square turned out differently than most observers expected. According to Dr. Cook in False Dawn, “Looking back, it all seems dream-like. . . . Egypt’s Facebookers and bloggers, Mohammed al-Bouazizi, Khaled Said, Tahrir Square, brave Libyan fighters advancing on Tripoli, the Girl in the Blue Bra, and Gezi Park’s girl in the red dress are of a recent but seemingly distant past—a gauzy sequence of determination, defiance, hope, and activism that has not been extinguished as much as eclipsed by political uncertainty, instability, and at times unspeakable violence.”
For Dr. Cook’s bio, click here.
Scholars of security studies are well poised to answer the question: “What do we know about war?” They are less self-reflective about a related question: “What wars do we know about?” Scholars lavish attention on some conflicts while others are relegated to the dustbin of history. This likely has important consequences not just for the bounded nature of our scholarly understanding of conflict and conflict processes, but also for the mental models that inform policymakers’ and practitioners’ day-to-day work.
In this talk as part of the Global Connections Speaker Series, Dr. Hendrix discusses the powerful influence of the “streetlight effect”—the tendency of scholars to focus on particular questions and cases for reasons of convenience and career opportunities, rather than theoretical importance or practical relevance—on security studies and international relations scholarship. The streetlight effect has led scholars and policymakers to focus on particular countries and conflicts at the expense of others, resulting in a biased state of knowledge about conflict processes and outcomes. The talk concludes with recommendations for addressing gaps in both our practical and theoretical knowledge.
For Dr. Hendrix's bio, click here.
In his talk, John Hopkins's Dr. Jakub Grygiel will explore the revisionists who are probing the periphery of U.S. power, careful to avoid a direct confrontation but curious to test the resilience of the American order. Their probing aims to break the alliance system built by the U.S. over the past century along the Eurasian rimland. How the U.S. responds in the next years will shape the behavior of U.S. allies and competitors, and decide the future of American security.
Dr. Jakub Grygiel is the George H.W. Bush Associate Professor at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University. He is the author of Great Powers and Geopolitical Change.