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Copyright and Self-Citing


Citing your sources is an integral part of academic writing, but before you incorporate source material—be it text, images, video, or any other type of information or media—into your work, it’s important to be sure that you have the authorization to do so.

Copyright laws give creators ownership of and control over their intellectual property, which allows them to be compensated for their efforts and to determine how their creations can be used and transformed.

At the same time, the doctrine of “fair use” carves out exceptions to this rule, permitting portions of copyrighted works to be reproduced for the purposes of discussion and critique by scholars and other commentators.

DKL’s copyright guidance can help you understand the process of determining whether your use of source material qualifies as fair use. If in doubt, please consult a librarian.

 

What if I’m using my own previous work?

Considerations surrounding copyright and fair use do apply to the reuse of your own previously published work. NPS also has more general instructions about reusing work to fulfill course requirements:

  • Double submission of coursework: The NPS Honor Code (section 3.f.) indicates that students who wish to use pre-existing work to fulfill the requirements of a course—including submitting the same paper in more than one course—must obtain permission from the instructors.
  • Citation of one’s own published work: Our NPS-specific handout on self-plagiarism offers guidelines for self-citation and reusing self-authored publications in theses and other projects.

 

More Information on Copyright and Fair Use

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All-Topics Index


The following index makes searching for a specific topic easier and links to the appropriate place in the sequenced material. We think we have most of them, but please email us at writingcenter@nps.edu if we are missing something!

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A

abbreviations

abstracts

academic writing

acronyms

active voice

apostrophes

argument

article usage

assignments, understanding them

audience

 

B

body paragraphs

brainstorming

building better sentences tips

 

C

citations

citation styles

clarity

clustering

coaching sessions, about

colons

commas, FANBOYS

commas, introductory

commas, list

commas, nonessential elements

commas, Oxford

commonly confused words 

compare-and-contrast papers 

concision

conclusions

conjunctive adverbs

coordinating conjunctions

copyright and fair use

critical thinking  

 

D

dangling modifiers

dashes

dependent marker words

double submission of coursework

drafting

 

E

edit your own work

editing – outside editors

exclamation points

executive summary

 

F

FANBOYS

FAQs

footnotes

free-writing

 

G

gerunds

grammar

group writing

 

H

hyphens

 

I

ibid.

introductions

 

J

Joining the Academic Conversation

 

L

LaTeX

library liaisons 

literature reviews 

logic and analysis 

 

M

memos

methodologies

 

N

note-taking

numbers

 

O

organization

outlining

Oxford comma

 

P

paragraph development 

parallelism

paraphrasing

parts of speech

passive voice

periods

persuasion

phrases and clauses

plagiarism, how to avoid through citations

plain language

polishing

prepositional phrases 

prepositions

pronouns

punctuation

purpose of research

 

Q

questions

quotation marks 

quoting

 

R

reading with intent

redundancies                                                                

reference software

reflection papers 

research

research questions

reverse outlining 

revising passive voice into active voice

revision

roadmaps                                            

run-on sentences 

 

S

self-citing

semi-colons

subjects, grammatical

significance

so-what?

spelling

standard essay structure

STEM/technical writing 

style

subject/verb agreement

 

T

technical writing

that vs. which

thesis writing

thesis advisors

thesis process overview

thesis process tips

thesis proposals – common elements                                                     

thesis statements

tone, professional

topic sentences 

transitions

types of papers

 

U

United States or U.S.?

 

V

verbs and verb tense

 

W

which vs. that

Why write?

writer’s block 

writing process