Professor John Arquilla
John Arquilla earned his degrees in international relations from Rosary College (BA 1975) and Stanford University (MA 1989, PhD 1991). He is professor of defense analysis at the Naval Postgraduate School, where he has taught in the special operations curriculum since 1993. He also serves as director of the Information Operations Center. His teaching interests revolve around the history of irregular warfare, terrorism, and the implications of the information age for society and security.
His books include: Dubious Battles: Aggression Defeat and the International System (1992); From Troy to Entebbe: Special Operations in Ancient & Modern Times (1996), which was a featured alternate of the Military Book Club; In Athena’s Camp (1997); Networks and Netwars: The Future of Terror, Crime and Militancy (2001), named a notable book of the year by the American Library Association; The Reagan Imprint: Ideas in American Foreign Policy from the Collapse of Communism to the War on Terror (2006), and his latest study, Worst Enemy: The Reluctant Transformation of the American Military (2008), which is about military reform.
Dr. Arquilla is also the author of more than one hundred articles on a wide range of topics in military and security affairs, with his work appearing in both the leading academic journals and in more general publications like The Atlantic Monthly, Wired and The New Republic. He is best known for his concept of “netwar” (i.e., the distinct manner in which those organized into networks fight), a notion developed with his colleague David Ronfeldt, and which former defense secretary Donald Rumsfeld used on several occasions to describe the nature of the conflict in Iraq. In another area of their joint work, the Arquilla/Ronfeldt vision of “swarm tactics” was selected by The New York Times as one of the “big ideas” of 2001.
In terms of policy experience, Dr. Arquilla worked as a consultant to General Norman Schwarzkopf during Operation Desert Storm, as part of a small team of RAND analysts. During the Kosovo War, he assisted deputy secretary of defense John Hamre on a range of issues in international information strategy. Since the onset of the war on terror, Dr. Arquilla’s policy contributions have included a brief period of service on the Information Operations Task Force, followed by more extended involvements with special operations forces and other units, on practical, information-related “field problems.”
Professor Hy Rothstein
Hy Rothstein is the director of the DoD IO Center for Research, and a member of the Center on Terrorism and Irregular Warfare, at the Naval Postgraduate School. He has a Ph.D. in International Relations from the Fletcher School, Tufts University. Dr. Rothstein has spent considerable time in Afghanistan, Iraq and the Philippines since early 2002 observing, up close and in the most remote areas, the conduct of the wars. He served in the US Army as a Special Forces officer for more than twenty-six years spending much of his time in Latin America training and advising governments threatened by active insurgencies. Dr. Rothstein has written and edited books about Afghanistan (Afghanistan and the Troubled Future of Unconventional Warfare (2006) and Afghan Endgames Strategy and Policy Choices for America’s Longest War (Feb 2012)), Iraq (The Three Circles of War (2010)), an anthology that explores the similarities between insurgency and gang violence (Gangs & Guerrillas (2011)) and a comprehensive volume on deception titled, The Art and Science of Military Deception (2013). He is currently working on a book about “assessing war” that will be published by Georgetown University Press in 2015. Dr. Rothstein teaches courses and conducts research on the strategic utility of special operations, military deception, and psychological and political warfare.
Edward L. Fisher, Lt Col, USAF (Ret)
Lt Col (Ret) Ed Fisher is a Senior Lecturer of Information Sciences at the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) in Monterey, California. He teaches courses in Information Operations, Electronic Warfare, and Autonomous Systems. In addition, Mr. Fisher is the Deputy Director of the DoD Information Operations Center for Research.
Mr. Fisher received a regular commission as a Second Lieutenant in the US Air Force upon his graduation from the United States Air Force Academy in June 1983 (B.S History-Area Studies, Western Europe). Mr. Fisher served the early part of his career as an F-4G “Wild Weasel” Electronic Warfare Officer (EWO), later transitioning to the Predator UAV, F-117A Nighthawk Stealth Fighter, higher headquarters staff, and Security Assistance.
Mr. Fisher retired from the US Air Force in 2005 as a Lt. Colonel and joined the faculty at the Naval Postgraduate School as a US Navy civilian.
Mr. Fisher received a Master of Arts in National Security Studies from the University of California, San Bernardino in 1989, and is a member of the Phi Kappa Phi National Honor Society. He also maintains membership in the Association of Old Crows.