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CS Department Faculty Publications

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Books & Chapters

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Great Principles of Computing

Great Principles of ComputingComputing is usually viewed as a technology field that advances at the breakneck speed of Moore's Law. If we turn away even for a moment, we might miss a game-changing technological breakthrough or an earthshaking theoretical development. This book takes a different perspective, presenting computing as a science governed by fundamental principles that span all technologies. Computer science is a science of information processes. We need a new language to describe the science, and in this book Peter Denning and Craig Martell offer the great principles framework as just such a language. This is a book about the whole of computing -- its algorithms, architectures, and designs.


Handbook of FPGA Design Security

FPGA Design SecurityThe purpose of this book is to provide a practical approach to managing security in FPGA designs for researchers and practitioners in the electronic design automation (EDA) and FPGA communities, including corporations, industrial and government research labs, and academics. This book combines theoretical underpinnings with a practical design approach and worked examples for combating real world threats. To address the spectrum of lifecycle and operational threats against FPGA systems, a holistic view of FPGA security is presented, from formal top level speci?cation to low level policy enforcement mechanisms, which integrates recent advances in the fields of computer security theory, languages, compilers, and hardware.


Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare

Tallinn ManualThe product of a three-year project by twenty renowned international law scholars and practitioners, the Tallinn Manual identifies the international law applicable to cyber warfare and sets out ninety-five 'black-letter rules' governing such conflicts. It addresses topics including sovereignty, State responsibility, the jus ad bellum, international humanitarian law, and the law of neutrality. An extensive commentary accompanies each rule, which sets forth the rule's basis in treaty and customary law, explains how the group of experts interpreted applicable norms in the cyber context, and outlines any disagreements within the group as to each rule's application.


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Technical Reports

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See all CS Department Technical Reports.

Behavior models for software architecture
Auguston, Mikhail

 
Monterey Phoenix (MP) is an approach to formal software system architecture specification based on behavior models. Architecture modeling focuses not only on the activities and interactions within the system, but also on the interactions between the system and its environment, providing an abstraction for interaction specification. The behavior of the system is defined as a set of events (event trace) with two basic relations: precedence and inclusion. The structure of possible event traces is specified using event grammars and other constraints organized into schemas. The separation of the interaction description from the components behavior is an essential MP feature. The schema framework is amenable to stepwise architecture refinement, reuse, composition, visualization, and multiple view extraction. The approach yields a basis for executable architecture specification supporting early testing and verification, systematic use case generation, and performance estimates with automated tools.

Semantic Web and inferencing technologies for Department of Defense systems
Duane Davis

Operational commanders and intelligence professionals are provided with a continually-increasing volume of data from numerous sources. Effective utilization of this data can be hampered by difficulties in fusing different data streams for presentation, correlating related data from various sources and developing reliable summary and predictive products. An opportunity presently exists to improve this situation through the incorporation of Semantic Web technologies into Department of Defense (DOD) systems. This report provides a didactic overview of Description Logics (DL) and their implementation in Semantic Web languages and technologies to include the mathematical properties supporting robust knowledge representation. Subsequently, the algorithms for automated reasoning and inferencing with DLs are discussed. Included in this discussion is a comparison of available Semantic Web applications for ontology development and realization or DL reasoning capabilities with real-world knowledge bases. Finally, mechanisms for applying artificial intelligence techniques to ontological DL information are presented.

Techniques for the detection of faulty packet header modifications
Ryan Craven, Robert Beverly, Mark Allman

Understanding, measuring, and debugging IP networks, particularly across administrative domains, is challenging.Compounding the problem are transparent in-path appliances and middleboxes that can be difficult to manage and sometimes left out-of-date or misconfigured.As a result, packet headers can be modified in unexpected ways, negatively impacting end-to-end performance.We discuss the impact of such packet header modifications, present an array of techniques for their detection, and define strategies to add tamper-evident protection to our detection techniques.We select a solution for implementation into the Linux TCP stack and use it to examine real-world Internet paths.We discover various instances of in-path modifications and extract lessons learned from them to help drive future design efforts.

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Journal Articles

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